Pi-Health is a comprehensive health and wellness application designed to empower users in managing their physical and mental well-being. The app aims to provide personalized health insights, promote healthy habits, and facilitate communication between users and healthcare professionals. Whether you're tracking your fitness goals, monitoring vital signs, or seeking medical advice, Pi-Health has you covered.

Technology Stack

Pi-Health leverages a robust technology stack to deliver a seamless user experience. Here are the key components:

1.Front-End: ○ React: A popular JavaScript library for building user interfaces.

○ Typescript: Provides static typing and enhances code quality.

○ Chakra UI: A component library for creating accessible and customizable UI components.

○ Axios: Handles HTTP requests to external APIs.

○ Tanstack React Query: Manages data fetching and caching.

○ Tanstack React Router: Handles client-side routing.

○ Dexie: A lightweight IndexedDB wrapper for local data storage.

○ Dexie React Hooks: Integrates Dexie with React components.

○ Felte: A form library for handling form state and validation.

○ Jotai: A state management library.

○ Zod: A TypeScript-first schema-driven validation library.

2.Back-End: ○ Rust: A systems programming language known for its safety, performance, and expressive syntax.

○ Actix Web Framework: A high-performance, actor- based web framework in Rust, employed for handling HTTP requests and responses efficiently.

○ SQLite DB: SQLite is utilized as the back-end database for server-side data storage.

○ JSON-RPC API: Implementation of JSON-RPC endpoints facilitates structured communication between the front- end and back-end.

○ Event Sourcing and CQRS: Integration of Event Sourcing and CQRS concepts to improve the application's scalability, auditability, and state management.

Engine Separation Strategy

The engine separation strategy in Pi-Health focuses on decoupling the core application logic from external dependencies. Here's how it's achieved:

● Components: The application is organized into reusable components, promoting a component-based architecture.

● Features: Each feature (e.g., doctor details, patient vitals, medication, appointments) resides in its own folder, encapsulating related functionality.

● Routes: Separate route files define routes for each feature, ensuring modularity and easy navigation.

● Types: Necessary types are defined in a dedicated folder, promoting type safety and consistency.

● Services: Services handle API calls using Axios for communication with the back-end.

● Query-Mutation-Services: Tanstack React Query is used for mutation purposes (adding, updating, and deleting data) to the server. The benefits of useMutation from Tanstack simplify mutation handling.

● Database: Client – Side : Dexie is used for storing data locally in a database, avoiding network requests and resulting in faster responses. Dexie React Hooks integrates the Dexie database with React components, ensuring real-time data reflection. Server – Side : SQLite was chosen as the back-end database for server-side data storage. Its lightweight nature, ease of integration, and ACID compliance make it suitable for applications with moderate data storage and retrieval requirements.

Challenges and Solutions

Client-Side Synchronization: Challenge: Syncing local data with the server. Solution: Dexie's built-in synchronization mechanisms or real-time techniques. State Management: Challenge: Handling complex state across features. Solution: Jotai for global and local state management

Server-Side Considerations: While Rust and the selected technologies offer numerous advantages, the adoption of a relatively new language and framework may present challenges in terms of available resources and expertise. However, these challenges can be mitigated through training, documentation, and community support.


● Client-Side Reliability: Separation of concerns promotes reliability. High Performance: Dexie minimizes network requests. User-Friendly: Well-organized features enhance the user experience. Offline Capability: Dexie enables offline usage.

● Server-Side The integration of Rust, Actix Web, SQLite, JSON-RPC API, and Event Sourcing/CQRS has resulted in a robust, scalable, and performant back-end. The chosen technologies contribute to the overall safety, efficiency, and maintainability of the system, aligning with the project's objectives and ensuring a positive user experience. Key Learning

● Modularity Matters: Breaking down the application into smaller, manageable pieces simplifies development.

● Client-Side Storage: Dexie improves responsiveness.

● Rust and Actix Web Framework for Safety and Performance: Leveraging Rust's memory safety and Actix Web's actor-based architecture ensures a secure and efficient web application.

● Event Sourcing, CQRS, and Structured Communication Drive Scalability: Integrating Event Sourcing and CQRS principles, along with a JSON-RPC API, enhances scalability and auditability.


Pi-Health demonstrates how thoughtful architecture and technology choices can lead to a successful health application that meets user needs and delivers a positive impact.

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